What is AngularJs | KITS Trainings

What is Angular JS?

The website is the basic need for marketers to reach a mass number of people. With the high availability of content management systems, website development has become a cakewalk in the IT World. But we cannot except the best website unless you develop using best platform. So what does it mean the best website? A website is considered as the best website if it is user-friendly ( Compatible to all devices and loads in an optimal time across various platforms). So here developing a website is an ordinary thing. But developing a user-friendly application is a challenging thing that is essential in today’s world. So how to develop an intuitive web application. Which platform suits best in developing an intuitive application? Then without the second thought most of the developers vote for AngularJS.  So,

But before know about AngularJs, let us have an initial look at

What is a Framework?

A framework is a collection of code libraries where some functions were predefined. By the utilization of this framework, developers can easily develop lightweight applications. Moreover, the developer can concentrate on actual logic rather than struggling with the code dependencies. In simple words, the utilization of these predefined codes makes the website development in a short period.

Hence now, let’s move into the actual concept

What is Angular JS?

Angular JS is an open-source web application framework developed in 2009. This was developed by Misko Hervy and Adam Abrons. This framework was now maintained by Google. This framework architecture depends on the Model View Controller (MVC) framework that is similar to the Java Script Framework.  Moreover, this framework suits best in developing single-page applications. It is a continuously growing and expanding framework in providing better ways of application development. Moreover, this platform is capable of changing from static HTML to Dynamic HTML. Besides, it provides features like dynamic building, dependency injection, and also the code rewriting. Moreover, Angular JS is different from Angular framework. And AngularJS is also capable of extending HTML attributes with directives. Since, we people have got an basic idea regarding AngularJS, let us have a look at its architecture.

Get practical exposure on AngularJS with practical use cases at AngularJs Online Training

AngularJS Architecture:

As mentioned above, Angular framework works on MVC architecture. So let us have a look at its architecture.

MVC Architecture:

An architecture is basically a pattern used to develop an application. This Angular JS Architecture usually consists of three components. They are :

mvc | KITS Trainings


It is responsible to manage the application data. It responds to the instruction from the view and the instructions from the control to update it self.


It is responsible for displaying the application data. It also specifies the data in a triggered format by the controller to present the data. Since its an script based template such as JSP, ASP, PHP, it is easy to integrate with the AJAX technology.


This component is responsible for connecting the model and the view component.It responds to the user inputs and perform data interactions on the data model objects.

This architecture is very poplar, because. it isolates the application logic from the user interface and supports separation of concerns. Besides, whenever we talk about the MVC architecture, we have to split our application into three components and then write the code to connect them. But when comes to angular JS, all we need to is to split the application into MVC and the framework takes care of the rest. Hence this framework is capable of saving the lot of time and allows to finish the job with less code. Whenever the controller receives the input, it validates the input and performs the business operations that modify the data model state.

What are the AngularJS Components?

AngularJS consist of several components. Let us discuss some of them. They are:

a)Data Binding:

Data binding in AngularJs is a two-way process i.e the view layer of MVC architecture is the exact copy of the Model layer. Hence, there is no necessity to write the special code to bind the data to the HTML Controls. Usually in MVC architectures, we need to continuously update the view layer and model layer to remain in sync with each other. In AngularJs we can say that model and view layer synchronized each other. So when ever the data in the model changes, the view layer reflects the change and vice-versa. All this happens in angular is immediately and automatically. It makes sure that model and view is updated all the times.


One of the major use of this application framework is make use of templates. Usually what happens in AngularJs, is templates were passed by browser into DOM. Here the DOM becomes the input of the Angular JS Compiler. The Angular JS then travels the DOM templates for rendering the instructions called Directives. The other siblings of Angular JS Work differently. These make use of HTML String, where as AngularJS does not manipulate the template strings. With DOM, we have the privilege to extend directive vocabulary (or) even abstract them into reusable components.

c)Dependency Injection:

It is a software design pattern work on Inversion of the Control. Here the term Inversion control refers to the objects that does not create the other objects. Hence , they used to get the objects from an external source. Moreover, the primary object is not capable of dependent object, so an external source creates a dependent object and gives to the source object for further usage. Hence on the basis of dependency injection, we can create all the information database and can get into the model class. In AngularJS, dependencies were injected using “injectable factory method”(or) constructor function.

d) Scope:

It is an built-in object in AngularJs which contains application data and models. Here the $scope is responsible to transfer the data from controller to the view and vice-versa. Besides, we can create properties to the $scope object inside the controller function and assign a value to it.


A controller is a java script constructor function that contains the attributes/properties and functions in AngularJS that is responsible to increase the Angular JS Scope. And each controller accepts the scope as a parameter that refers to the application that needs to handle.

Hence likewise, there are many other components of AngularJs. You people can acquire practical knowledge of AngularJS components by live experts with practical use cases through AngularJS Online Course.

Final Words:

With this, I hope you people have got an basic overview of Angular and its components. In the upcoming post of this blog, Ill be sharing you the details of working of various Angular JS components in details and application in IT industry. Meanwhile Have a glance at our AngularJS Interview Questions and crack the interview.

What is Google cloud platform | KITS

What is Google Cloud Platform?

It seems difficult to sustain life in the IT industry without using the most common search engine like Google. This vendor is not only limited its services to the search engine but also has its roots in the area of cloud computing. Many IT companies today were utilizing this cloud computing for the smooth running of the business. According to recent statistics, 49% of IT professionals use the Google Cloud platform as the primary resource of computation. And the next followers were Microsoft Azure and Amazon web services with 48 % and 42 % of IT Professionals respectively. So with this, we can say Google Cloud platform stood at the top of cloud computing services. Hence, a question comes to your mind, “Even though Amazon, Azure, and other cloud computing services perform the same, why this cloud computing platform stood top?” If “YES”, continue your reading with

Why do we need Cloud Computing?

People prefer to utilize cloud computing services to scale the resources as per the demand at an affordable price. Moreover, we people opt for these cloud services to reduce infrastructure services. These kinds of services suit best for starters. The specialty of the cloud computing platform is, it provides a space for individuals as well as the enterprises to build and run the software. Google is one of the topmost vendors in providing cloud computing services.

Hence without wasting much time, let us have a quick discussion on

What is Google  Cloud Computing?

Google Cloud Platform is a suite of google public cloud computing services. This platform includes a range of hosted services for compute, storage, application development that runs on the Google hardware. Besides, these services can be easily accessed by software developers, cloud administrators, and other IT Professionals through a public (or) a dedicated Internet connection. This vendor provides excellent services to the people through the pay-as-you-go model. Besides this cloud computing platform makes use of internet remote servers to store, manage as well as process the data instead of local server  (or) the personal computer.

Know more on GCP by live experts with practical use cases at Google Cloud Online Training

Where do we can find this service?

Google has its data centers at several places across the globe. Some of them were North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. Furthermore, these locations were further divided into regions and zones. These were the data center locations as of today. And this vendor is in a process of establishing the data centers in some more locations across the globe. Hence with this, the user can select the nearest region to get the unstoppable service with high availability of the service.

google cloud | KITS

Whenever you launch an application (or) service,  on the google cloud platform, google keeps track of all the resource utilization. For instance, it records the processing power, data storage, database queries, and the network connectivity it consumes. Besides, one more advantage of this platform, when compared with its competitors, is, it allows the users to pay per second basis (competitors charges per minute basis) with additional offers.

What are the various services of this GCP?

As mentioned above, this platform has wide variety of services in its platform. Hence this platform has divided its services into several categories. Some of them were :

Computing: GCP provides wide range of computing options to satisfy the user requirement. Besides, it provides highly customizable virtual machines to deploy the code directly (or) through the virtual machines (VM’s). Some of the popular Google computing services are:

1.Compute Engine

 2.App Engine

3.Kubernetes Engine

4.Container Registry

5.Cloud function and so on

Networking:  This platform contains services related to networking. Some of the popular services were :

1.Google Virtual Private Cloud

2.Google Cloud load balancing

3.Google Cloud Interconnect

Big Data: Besides, it also provides the best services related to big data as follows :

1.Google Big Query

2.Google Cloud Data Proc

3.Google Cloud Data Lab

4.Google Cloud Pub/Sub

Developer Tools:

This platform provides the following services related to development. They are:

  1. Cloud SDK
  2. Deployment manager
  3. Cloud Source Repositories
  4. Cloud Test Lab

Management Tools:

This platform also provides services related to monitoring and management as follows:

  1. Stack driver
  2. Monitoring
  3. Logging
  4. Error reporting
  5. Trace
  6. Cloud Console

Besdies it also provides various services related to security, Cloud AI and many more.

Who is the Top user of this cloud computing platform?

Many people were utilizing this cloud computing service. Some of them were

Twitter: A popular social media platform that lets you share your view (or) the information. When people were tweeting more and more, the bulk amount of data gets generated. Hence this social media platform uses this cloud computing platform for storing as well as the computation purpose.

Paypal:  This platform use google cloud to increase security, build a faster network, and develop services to its customers.

eBay: It utilizes the google services to innovate the image search, improve the customer experiences, train the transition models.

HSBC: By the utilization of these services, this platform able to bring a new level of security, compliance as well as governance to its banks.

What are the advantage of this platform?

This platform has multiple advantages. Some of them were :

  1. Good Documentation: This cloud computing platform has good documentation for every service that easier for the newbie to make the utilization of the service
  2. Multiple Storage Classes: This platform contains multiple classes according to the Regional(frequent), Nearline ( infrequent), and the cold line use (Long-term)
  3. High Availability: This platform is pretty sure that data is safe even in the situation of the simultaneous loss of two disks.
  4. Multi-Region Availability: As mentioned above, Google has multiple data centers across the globe, the user has an option of selecting the nearest region to enjoy the uninterrupted service


Hence likewise, there are many other advantages of this cloud computing service. Moreover, these people were adding more and more features as per the market need. You people can get practical exposure to these services when you enroll for the Google Cloud  Online Course. By reaching the end of this blog, I hope you people have acquired enough idea regarding the need and utilization of these services. In the upcoming articles of this blog, I’ll be sharing the details of creating an account in GCP and the utilization of each service in detail.

what is MSBI | Kits Online Trainings

What is MSBI?

The need for Business Intelligence tools does not exhaust as long as IT and the internet exist around us. So many business intelligence vendors were adding more and more features to these tools for quick analysis of the data. This article on MSBI is another example to let you know their need and importance of business intelligence tools in the market. Without wasting much time, let us move into the actual topic.

What is MSBI?

It is a Microsoft business intelligence tool. The business intelligence tool is capable of providing the ultimate solutions to execute data mining and business queries. Besides, this tool provides various types of data access to the companies where the companies can take business decisions and can also plan for the future. Moreover, with this tool, companies can take better decisions and can also plan for the future.

By default, these business intelligence tools provide some plans to work with the data and analyze it. Besides, this tool also allows you to implement the new data as well. This powerful suite is composed of many tools that help in providing the best solution for business intelligence and data mining queries. This tool uses Visual Studio and SQL Server. Besides, it offers different tools for different processes that are necessary for Business Intelligence solutions. Moreover, this Microsoft tool is capable of understanding complex data, allocating, analyzing, and setting up a proper report that helps in taking business decisions.

Why MSBI is necessary?

Many data analyst/scientist use MSBI due to the following reasons:

a)This Microsoft tool is capable of storing as well as retrieving the data to take the smart decisions

b)This Microsoft BI suite consists of several resourceful tools to provide the best solution for business intelligence.

  1. c) Since the market is lagging the SSAS, SSIS, SSRS professionals, demand for this business intelligence tool has increased much.
  2. d) To get different tools for the different process that are necessary for the business intelligence solutions

Besides, there are many other reason to learn MSBI to be a successful IT professional. Are you curious to know what are those? then visit MSBI Online Training.


This Microsoft business intelligence  tool has 3 components. They are :

MSBI architecture | Kits Trainings

SSIS – SQL Server Integration Services

SSAS- SQL Server Analytical Services

SSRS –SQL Server Reporting Services

Let us discuss each of them briefly:


As the name suggest, this component is useful to integrate the data coming from different sources. This component is responsible for the integration data ware housing. Since the data gets collected from various sources to integrate, this component uses Extract, Transform and load (ETL) process to store the data. Moreover, this phase is responsible to store the data from different locations, ingrate it and ultimately store the data in a data ware house. This tool is capable of building high performance integration and workflows. Besides this tool contains various graphics tools and wizards for building packages. In simple words, this component suits best for bulk transaction. And this is useful to generate the trend reports, predictive analysis and the comparison reports. Hence this tool fits best for the business analyst  in making the quick decisions.


This is the process of converting the two dimensional data into multidimensional data model. This tool suits best in analyzing large volumes of data. Besides, this tool is responsible to analyze the performance of SQL Server in terms of loading balancing, heavy data, transaction. The main responsibility of this tools is to develop Online Analytical Processing Solutions (OLAP). Hence this analytical tool fits in the for the administrators to analyze the data.Moreover, with this analytical tool, admin analyzes the data before moving in to the database. Besides, user  can also  get the details of number of transactions happen in a sec. This SSAS has many advantages. Some of them were multi-dimensional analysis, Key performance indicator, Score card, Good performance, Security and so on.


As the name indicates, this tool is responsible to prepare the reports that contains virtual. This reporting platform presents the modern as well as he traditional reports through suitable (or) the custom applications. This component is platform-independent and  efficient. Moreover, it is also capable of retrieving the data from various sources and can export the functionality in lot of formats.Besides, this tool has access to the web based reports. Hence it is capable of display the reports in the form of guague, tabular, chart and many more.This SSRS has many excellent benefits. Among them the popular services were retrieving data from multiple sources, Support for ad-hoc reporting, export functionality with variable formats and so on.

MSDN Library:

It is a collection of sites for the development team to provide documentation, information as well as the discussion that is delivered by Microsoft. Here, Microsoft have give more importance on the incorporation of forums, blogs, social bookmaking, library annotations.

 What are the features of MSBI?

There are many features of MSBI. Let us discuss some of them:

  1. Provides a singe value of truth to make the effective decisions
  2. Eliminates (or) reduces the ‘Instinctive decisions’
  3. Provides a quick and timely answers to the business and making it more responsive to the business trends
  4. Minimize the manual work
  5. Support for the historical and summarized data
  6. Robust support for advanced analysis

Hence likewise, there are many features of this Microsoft business intelligence tool in real time .You people can acquire hands on experience on this Business intelligence tool by live experts through online at MSBI Online Course. I hope you have got a basic regarding the need and utilization of MSBI in IT industry.In the upcoming post of this blog, ill be delivering in detail information of each component individually. Meanwhile have a glance at our MSBI interview Questions and make get placed in an MNC.

What is power BI | Kits Online Trainings

What is Power BI?

Since the data generation is happening exponentially, the necessity of business intelligence tools has become more and more in today’s world. In the previous article of this blog, we people have discussed regarding Cognos, but there are some other bi tools like power bi in the market. So today in this article, let us have a look  at power bi

Before going to move into the actual subject, let us have a quick look at

What is Business Intelligence?

The term business intelligence refers to the technologies, applications, and practices for the collection, integration, and presentation of the business information. This BI technology provides the historical, current, and predictive views of the business operations.  Today many tools work on business intelligence. Power BI is one of them, let us have quick of this microsoft BI tool

What is a Power BI?

It  is a Microsoft business intelligence platform. This BI tool provides non-technical users with tools for aggregating, analyzing, visualizing, and sharing the data. Its interface simple to use for the users who were familiar with Excel. Moreover, Microsoft has developed the product very versatile which requires a little training. Today these tools are available for the users under the license. Besides Microsoft team has also made this product available for the user from small to mid-size business owners free of cost.

Moreover, users can also get this tool as an application platform for windows 10 called power bi desktop and also native mobile apps for Windows, Android as well as IOS. Besides, there is also a Power BI Server for the companies that must maintain their data and reports on-premises.  For that, this BI platform requires a special version of the application called Power BI Desktop for Power BI Report Server

Additionally, this platform gives you a productive platform and creative reports as well as the analytics. This microsoft BI suite provides multiple software connectors and services like Power BI Desktop, Power BI Service based on SaaS, and Power BI mobile apps for different mobile platforms. Among this Power BI, the desktop app is responsible to create reports, and Power BI Services are meant for publishing the reports, and finally, Power BI mobile app is used to view the reports as well as dashboards. Moreover, the desktop version of this platform is available on both 32-bit as well as the 64-bit operating system. Hence the users can get the latest version of this application at


These sets of services are used by business users to consume and build UI reports.

Why should you use this tool?

People prefer to utilize this powerful business intelligence tool  due to the following reasons:

  1. To utilize pre-built dashboards and reports for the SaaS Solutions
  2. To get the updates of a real-time dashboard
  3. Due to high security as well as a reliable connection to your data sources.
  4. To work with the Quick deployment, hybrid configuration, and the secure environment
  5. To explore the data using Natural Query language

Power BI Architecture:

Power BI is an architecture built on the top of Azure. Since there are multiple data sources that this tool is capable of connecting, this platform allows you to create reports and data visualizations on the data set. This platform gateway is connected to on-premise data sources to get continuous data for analytics and reporting. Moreover, Power BI Services are referred to as cloud services that are used to publish Power BI Reports and data visualizations. Besides using the power Bi app, users can connect to their data from anywhere.

Power BI-architecture | Kits Trainings

                             Do wanna more on this business intelligence platform?, then visit Power BI Online Training

What are the components of Power BI?

This microsoft BI tool has several components. Let us discuss some of them:

Power Query :

Power Query is a data transformation and mash up engine. This enables you to discover, connect, combine, and refine the data sources to meet the required analysis. Moreover, we can download this as an add-on for excel and can be used as a part of Power BI Desktop

Power Pivot:

Power Pivot is a data modeling technique that lets you create data models, establish relationships, and create calculations. It uses the Data Analysis Expressions (DAX) language to model simple and complex data.

Power View:

Power View is a technology that is available in various places in regular use. Some of them were  Excel, SharePoint, SQL Server, and Power BI. Besides, this powerful interactive platform lets you create interactive charts, graphs, maps as well as the other visual that brings data to life.

Power Map :

Power Map for Excel is a 3-D Visualization tool that lets you map your data and plot more than millions of rows of data visually on Bing maps in 3-D format. This platform gets the data from various sources like Excel table (or) the data model in an Excel table. This component suits best with bing maps to get the best visualization based on longitude, latitude, and the street address information

Power BI Desktop:

It is a development tool for Power Query, Power Pivot, and Power View. Since this platform Desktop version is capable of providing everything under the same solution, it is easier to develop BI and data analysis experience.

Power Q& A:

This platform lets you explore your data in your own words.  It is the fastest way to get the answer to your data using natural language.

This powerful business intelligence tool is capable of converting the data from different sources to interactive dashboards as well as the BI reports.

Power BI Key features:

Power BI has many key features since its inception. Some of them include:

Artificial intelligence:

Using AI, users can access image recognition and text analytics in Power BI. Moreover, they can create machine learning models using automated machine learning capabilities and integrate with Azure machine learning

Hybrid Deployment support:

This feature provides inbuilt connectors that allow the microsoft BI platform to connect with various data sources like Salesforce, Microsoft.

Quick Insights:

This business intelligence is capable of creating the user  data subsets  and automatically apply analytics to that information

Common data model Support:

This microsoft BI tool Support for common data allows the users to verbally query data using natural language and access the results


This feature in Microsoft business intelligence platform allows you to change the default visualization and reporting tools. Moreover, this tool is also capable of importing the new tools into the platform

APIs for integration:

This feature provides the developers with a sample code and application performance Interfaces (APIs) for embedding the microsoft BI dashboard into other software products.

Hence likewise, there are many excellent features of this business intelligence platform. You people can get practical knowledge on this platform through Power BI Online Course. By reaching the end of the article, I hope you people have got an enough ideas regarding Power BI and its features. In the upcoming articles of this blog, I’ll be sharing with you the details of  installation,  data connection.

what is cognos | Kits Online Trainings

What is Cognos?

The availability of the internet has made many changes in IT  people’s life. Data generation is one of those. Today data gets generated exponentially. This data may contain useful as well as useless data.   Besides this data may also contain redundant data. So we need to analyze this data and remove duplicate data. And this filtered data may contain raw data in different formats.  And we need to convert these multiple forms of data into a single form. Processing all these manually is a tedious task and requires high effort. Hence to get rid of all these problems we need a tool to perform all those. Then Cognos came into existence to do all these tasks. Hence let us have a quick look at those

Before going to about what is Cognos, let us have a quick look at

Why do we need Cognos?

Any enterprise (or) an individual needs this tool to automate the data analysis as well as the Visualization task.  This tool also helps in taking the predicting the future trends that could ensure in taking the key business decision.

What is Cognos reporting tool?

IBM’s Cognos is a web-based reporting and analytics tool. This tool helps you to perform data aggregation and create user-friendly detailed reports. This tool offers an option to export the report in XML (or) PDF format. This analytics software tool was founded in 1969 by Alan Rushforth and peter Glenister. It has begun as a consulting firm for the Canadian government and offers its first Software product under the name QUIZ  in 1979. This software enables business users without technical knowledge to extract the corporate data to analyze it and assemble reports.

Cognos | Kits Online Trainings

Since Cognos is built on open standards, we can utilize this software products with relational and multidimensional data from multiple sources like Microsoft, NCR Teradata, SAP, and Oracle.  This business intelligence performance management tool for IBM allows technical and non-technical employees to analyze, extract, and create interactive dashboards that enable companies to take business decisions. Cognos contains three dozens of software products. Since it consists of several different products, it enables communication with different third parties. This intelligence platform provides an analytical solution for business that is scalable and self- service. Moreover, this framework interactive feature makes it a good way of creating a user-friendly dashboard and reports for every company.

This powerful business intelligence tool suits well for data mining, data analysis, event monitoring, metric collection for the visualization of data. Hence for any business to stay ahead in the market it gives powerful medium analytics to predict the market trends and take appropriate actions

                Would you like to know the working of this tool practically, then visit Cognos Online Training

What can you do with Cognos?

Cognos allows the creation of intelligent interactive dashboards to make the business informed decisions. Since the system is inbuilt with machine learning and AI, this tool is capable of data creation and analysis and also enables users to get relevant answers to the questions

How does Cognos make the working easy?

This business intelligence tool allows users to create interactive dashboards. Moreover, these tools are capable of predicting changes in the market. Today many analysts suggest the newbies that this tool is capable of taking the right decisions at the right time and make your firm on the top of the market. Moreover, many companies opt for these business intelligence tools due to their features. Let us have a quick look at those features.

Cognos Features:

a)Since the tool is equipped with machine learning and Artificial Intelligence, it enables us to make future predictions and create intelligent dashboards.

b)It uses the pattern detection property to discover the hidden patterns in data that could not be unheard (or) not expected in normal circumstances

c)As mentioned above, this tool is not only capable of creating the interactive dashboards, It has a capability of creating the interactive dashboards in multiple formats. Hence it enables the stakeholders to analyze the way they require and helps in the business making process.

d)Natural language processing is a way to extract information from raw text and make intelligent predictions. So Cognos using natural language powered by AI assist users to get the intelligent response to the questions posted by them.

The manual task usually takes time and effort. But this Cognos BI tool eliminates the need for human interventions by automating the data preparation process through its built-in ecosystem

Advantages of Cognos:

Cognos has several advantages. Let us discuss some of them

a)Data Preparation:

Files of different formats like CSV, spreadsheets can be easily accessed and uploaded. It also helps in finding the relevant data sources with the help of its intelligent system using natural processing language. Besides, these tools are also capable of automation of the integration of different sources.

b)Data Explorations:

The Data could be visualized and reported in a professional manner using Cognos. Also, its intelligent features allow plotting the correct chart for the particular business problem. Moreover, this tools contains various it’s geospatial features  in the dashboard.

c)Data Sharing :

Once the data is prepared and explored, it could be shared over different cloud platforms (or) Cloud. It also enables users to report subscriptions. Moreover, this platform integrates different charts that can integrate to create a story using various features like Voice overs, overlays, and so on.

Disadvantages of Cognos:

Even though there are many beautiful advantages of Cognos, there are some minor disadvantages as mentioned below:

a)This tool does not support multi-layer dimension analysis

b)These tools cannot be accepted very eagerly in departmental (or) the divisional employments.

We cannot except 100 %  pros everywhere. Each tools has some pros and cons. Irrespective of the above mentioned minor cons, this tool suit best in the analysis platform. I hope you people have got enough idea regarding the Cognos reporting tool. You people can get practical knowledge of this tool by live industry experts through the Cognos Online Course. In the upcoming articles of this blog, ill be sharing the details of the installation, components, and so on. Meanwhile, have a glance at our Cognos Interview Questions and crack the interview.

What is Android ?

Gadgets have become a part of life. Today arrival, as well as utilization of gadgets, is increasing exponentially. And we people cannot imagine our life without gadgets. Today even kindergarten people were using these mobile phones. Moreover, in this COVID-19 situation, these gadgets were the common medium for communication. Even the primary standard kids were using these smart gadgets for communication. Among those many gadgets that were available in the market, the smartphone is the most commonly utilized gadget among people. In the last decade, the smartphone is a big thing that is utilized by business people. But, in this decade, this has become the most common gadget among people. In most of these gadgets, android is the most commonly utilized operating system. Even there are many other operating systems like ios, Linux, android stands on the top of those operating systems.

Here the surprising thing this platform has arrived after Linux. But this operating system has replaced the Linux. So have your ever think of “ How this operating system has replaced Linux? ” Also “ what makes android so popular? ”. Read the entire article to know the details.

Before going to know the in-depth details, let us have an initial look at its definition

What is Android?

Android is an open-source Linux operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. It is developed by Open Handset Alliance

This platform offers a unified approach to application development for mobile devices. This approach makes the application more capable of running the software on different android devices. This Android platform has been divided into various versions numbers. These versions were nothing but significant changes from one to the other. The initial beta version for this Software development kit (SDK) by released by google in 2007.  And the commercial version Android 1.0 was released in Septemeber 2008.  From then it has been continuously releasing the updates. The latest version of Android is Android Q that is the 10th version of this operating system. Today most of the gadgets that were released in 2020 works on Android 9 (or)10. And we were going to expect Android 11 in the next year.


Even though this application, arose into the market in recent times, today it has become the dominant mobile cross-platform across the globe. According to the stat counter, android holds over 74% of the global mobile OS market share as of July 2020. This operating system was designed with mobile in mind. The place, where the phone applications and applications live. Today everything you see on your device is a part of the operating system. Moreover, whenever your device gets a call, text message (or) an email the OS processes that information and puts it in a readable format.

Top Android device manufacturers like Samsung, HTC, Motorola usually have a skin on the top of the OS. A skin is a custom design that adds extra features to your phone with different icons and tweaks designed to provide a unique to your gadget. The popular skins include Samsung One UI and One Plus. A phone without major customization is generally referred to as a stock android and the phone with minor changes was known as near stock. The hardware that supports this software is based on the ARM architecture platform. Today this platform contains millions of apps available that help you to manage your life one (or) the other way. Android programming supports full java programming.

Do want to know more on this platform, then visit Android Online Training

Since we have gotten the basic idea regarding its utilization, let us have a look at its architecture.


An android is a software operating system. It contains a stack of software components that is divided into 5 sections and four main layers. They are:


Linux kernel:

Android uses a powerful Linux kernel and supports a wide range of hardware devices. The kernel is the heart of the operating system that manages the input and output requests from the software. It provides basic system functionalities like process management, memory management, and device management like camera, keypad as well as a display to handle all these things. Linux is good at networking and does not require and does require to interface with the peripheral hardware. The kernel itself does not interact directly with the user but interacts with the shell as well as other hardware devices on the system.


These were on the top of the Linux kernel. There is a set of libraries including open web browsers such as WebKit, library libc. These libraries are used to play the audio as well as the video files. The SQL lite is a database that is useful for storage as well as sharing the application data. These SSL libraries are responsible for internet security etc


The runtime provides a  key virtual environment known as Dalvik Virtual Machine. It is a kind of java virtual machine that is specifically designed and optimized for android. The Dalvik VM is a process Virtual machine in Android systems. It is a software that runs the app on android devices. The Dalvik VM makes use of many Linux core features like memory management, multithreading that is in java language. This Dalvik VM enables every application to run its process. This Dalvik VM executes the files in .dex format.

Application Framework:

The application framework layer is capable of providing the higher-level services to applications such as windows manager, view system, package manager, resource manager, etc.  It allows the application developers to make use of there services in their application


This application framework has a rich set of features. Some of them were :

a)It is an open-source

b)Anyone can customize this application platform

c)Availability of a huge number of applications. Hence the customer can choose the best product as per the need

d)Capable of providing interesting features like Whether details, Opening screen, RSS feeds, etc

e) Has an ability to provide support for the messaging services (SMS and MMS), Web browser, Storage(SQL Lite), Connectivity(GSM, CDMA, Bluetooth, WIFI, media, handset layout.

Hence likewise there are many interesting features of this operating application. You people can get hands-on experience on application development on this platform through Android Online Course.

I hope you people have got enough idea regarding Android. In the upcoming post of this blog, I’ll be sharing the details of the runtime environment and the basic program on the android platform. Meanwhile, have a glance at our Android Interview Questions and get ready to crack the interview.